Cruz wins Wyoming Republican presidential nominating contest

Cruz is trying to prevent Trump from obtaining the 1,237 delegates needed to secure the Republican nomination at the July convention in Cleveland.

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By continuing to rack up small wins, Cruz is gaining ground on the New York real estate mogul, who has thus far failed to shift his focus on the local-level campaigning necessary to win delegates.

Trump has been critical of the process, again on Saturday calling it “rigged” while speaking at a rally in Syracuse, New York. He has repeatedly complained about Colorado, which awarded all 34 of its delegates to Cruz despite not holding a popular vote.

Trump said his supporters are becoming increasingly angry with states such as Wyoming and Colorado.

“They’re going nuts out there; they’re angry,” Trump said in Syracuse. “The bosses took away their vote, and I wasn’t going to send big teams of people three, four months ago, have them out there.”

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While Trump has won 21 state nominating contests to Cruz’s 10, the billionaire leads the Texas senator by only 196 delegates (755-559). That means he must win nearly 60 percent of those remaining before the party’s political convention in July.

Wyoming does not hold a primary vote. Instead, 475 party activists convened in Casper on Saturday to hold a state convention and award 14 delegates.

Previously, 12 other delegates had been designated at county-level conventions. Cruz won 10 of those, with one going to Trump and another being elected as “unbound.”

Cruz spoke at the convention, capping off a months-long effort to organise support in the state. Trump had originally planned to send former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin, who remains popular among conservatives, as a surrogate, but she canceled at the last minute.

Cruz spoke about local issues in Wyoming, the largest coal-producing state.

He discussed the Democratic “attack” on the fossil fuel, saying President Barack Obama has tried to put the coal industry out of business through government regulations targeting air pollution.

“America is the Saudi Arabia of coal, and we are going to develop our industry,” Cruz said.

At the same time, Trump was speaking at a rally in Syracuse, New York, ahead of the state’s Republican primary on Tuesday.

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Is America’s ‘Tiny Home Movement’ taking hold here?

Some Australians are gaining inspiration from America’s Tiny House Movement.

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Local architects, builders and developers are also embracing small home and design concepts.

The high cost of Australian homes is prompting a re-think  of housing options, and encouraging Australians to “think small” about the spaces they live in.

A growing interest in more eco-friendly and sustainable living, along with well-designed and efficient spaces, is also fuelling this emerging trend.

Whether you call it down-sizing, minimalism, or a need for debt-relief, more Australians are questioning, not only how much space they can afford, but how much space they really need?

The Tiny House Movement in the US is inspiring Australians to consider alternative ways of living.

The movement’s philosophy of living simply, and debt-free, with minimal impact on the environment, has attracted at least 18,000 followers in Australia.

Sixty eight per cent percent of American tiny home owners have no mortgage, compared to 29.3 per cent of all US homeowners.

In America, there are companies that specialize in building Tiny Homes, whereas it’s more of a do-it-yourself job in Australia.

In Sydney, best friends, Beck Benson and Reece Brennan, have done something few other 20-somethings have.

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They designed and  built their own Tiny House – measuring just 2 metres wide, 3.6 metres long and 3.9 metres high, with a sleeping loft, in the roof.

It’s also equipped with a shower, a gas cooktop kitchen, and in-built storage.

And it’s on wheels. so it’s mobile, although that also limited its size.

“I spent a couple of weeks travelling around in it, various weekend trips here and there. It’s great, very functional and you could really live here permanently,” says Reece. 

Beck and Reece believe it’s the smallest tiny house built in Australia, and also the first.

“We did build it ourselves.  We planned it all ourselves from scratch,” says Reece.

“It always seems like such a pipe dream when you’re undertaking such a huge project that no-one’s done before.”

Beck and Reece used recycled materials to build their miniature house. It took them two years to complete it, working  on weekends and public holidays.  It cost just $18,000. 

“Where we live the houses prices are just going up and up. And so, this just seems like such a better option, especially for young people. But not just for young people,” says Beck

“With the median house prices in Sydney being a million dollars at the moment, and considering your deposit at 20 per cent is $200,000,  for ten per cent of your deposit, we built our totally liveable home. Less than ten percent.”  added Reece.

While it’s been used as a mobile away-from-home and temporary accommodation, the tiny house, which was built for Beck, is not yet somewhere she’s calling home.

“I haven’t had a chance yet, but I’m really hoping to, in the next year. I just wanted to build it. The actual process of having it at the end, was a kind of an extra bonus. Yeah, it was the journey of building it that I was particularly focused on. But it’s amazing that we’ve got this totally liveable structure afterwards,” says beck.

Council regulations and restrictions on where you can put a tiny home can be a hindrance.

So far, only a few Australians appear to be living in one.

But that could be about to change.

There’s a growing demand for courses and workshops on how to build your own tiny home.

The Bower Recycling Centre in Marrickville, in Sydney’s inner west, supports the Tiny House Movement, says manager Guido Verbist.

“We built one, with 15 people, over a weekend… We had people from the US coming over, who are experienced in doing it, and they helped with the development and design,” he says.

“We have since been contacted by many people who show an interest in it, and even ask us to run more of the same workshops.” 

Catherine Karena is a Training and Recruitment Manager, who’s also a Tiny House enthusiast who has organised building courses attended by a broad range of people.

‘You’ve got young people who don’t think they’ve got a hope to get a house at all, or they don’t want to get into huge debt. Then you’ve got grey nomads, who don’t want a granny flat, they want to travel around,” she says.

“When we did our first building course in Sydney last year, it was such a wide range of people. You had middle aged, you had 20s, 30s, 50s, 60s. We had all different people, and they all had different reasons. Some of the common things were, people want more life. They don’t want to be in debt. They don’t want huge mortgages. A lot feel, like, happiness doesn’t come from a lot of stuff.” 

A possible new solution to housing need

Some organisations are also looking at the Tiny House Movement as a way to provide accommodation for homeless youth and women’s shelters.

While such compact living  may be too extreme for many, bigger is not always better either.

Architects are increasingly challenging their clients to think about what they really need.

It’s a conversation award-winning Melbourne architect, Andrew Maynard, is having with his clients.

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“There definitely is a trend where people realize that quality is  more important than size.  Now there seems to be a new way of thinking that realizes there’s actually a lot of limitations, and problems,  when you create large spaces, whether it simply be how much energy it takes to heat or cool this space, or just clean the damm place,” he says.

People have realized you can keep spaces small, well designed so they’re not cramped, and beautifully  connected to the outside space.”

Maynard says sustainability and lifestyle choices are driving the trend.

“All of those cultural shifts will actually help us to solve the affordability and density issues that we’re really confronted with.”

As the Great Australian Dream  of home ownership remains out of reach for many Australians, the Queensland based Future Housing Taskforce believes it’s coming up with solutions to the housing affordability crisis.

Working with builders, developers and local councils, the taskforce has produced what it calls the “Smarter, Small Home.”

Variations on its designs, including dual occupancy models, are being built around Australia, for as little as $100,000.

We do not need 250 square metres of space for 2 people or 3 people, when we used to provide housing of 85 square metres for 5 people in the 60s and 70s. We are now the most unaffordable nation in the English speaking world, for ten years in a row.”

The Future Housing Taskforce is also launching an off-grid version of its smaller, smart home.

” We’ve had feedback now from over a thousand people, and it will be completely off-grid, with water,  power, sewerage, and provide its own food sources. It  will be open for display in 2017.”

“I believe the future of housing in Australia will be off-grid suburbs, off-grid communities, that are capable of reducing the running costs to zero.”

Kevin Doodney, the founder of the Future Housing Taskforce believes  there’s a need for more diverse housing options, not  just to address affordability issues, but also future housing needs.

“I think the problem we’re all facing is, we all buy a memory of architecture. And no matter how hard we try to solve this issue, we keep going back  to what we’ve always had. What we’ve always had, we can’t afford. Land has gone up in Australia over 600 percent in the last seven years. We cannot afford to continually build one house on one lot,” he says.

“The only thing we’ve done in Australian housing in something like 40 years, is add an ensuite.”

More diverse housing stock that allows more people to work from home, and caters for Australia’s diverse communities, is also part of the solution.

“”We have to look at housing that appeals to the changing families that are occurring across Australia…. from the first  home buyer, to the retiree market, to the families that fracture, we need housing to accommodate all of these markets….”

And that, Kevin Doodney says, would allow more Australians to achieve the Great Australian Dream of home ownership.

Brisbane hospital sued over breast surgery

Two women are suing a Brisbane hospital for allegedly botching their preventive surgeries for breast cancer.

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Single mother-of-four Natasha Murrie, 43, and Michelle Cullen,52, have filed medical negligence compensation claims in the District Court in Brisbane against the Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital.

They both underwent mastectomies and reconstructions and were allegedly left with deformities requiring invasive corrective surgeries.

Ms Murrie, who was at risk because she has the BRCA2 gene, said her mother died of breast cancer at 48 and she didn’t want to suffer the same fate.

“But the surgery left me in agony and caused severe scarring, which has led to breast deformities and ongoing pain,” she said.

“It’s taken a huge toll on me physically and emotionally and has had an enormous impact on my family, who has had to support me throughout this difficult journey.”

Ms Cullen, 52, who also has the BRCA2 gene, said she suffered ongoing complications and discomfort following several unsuccessful corrective procedures.

She was told that it could take two years for a qualified plastic surgeon to perform her reconstruction procedure following a double mastectomy, but another surgeon could operate within six months, so she went with the latter option.

“It never entered my mind that having surgery that was supposed to stop breast cancer from returning would jeopardise my quality of life,” she said.

Olamide Kowalik, a senior associate with Slater and Gordon, the firm representing the women, said complaints had also been lodged with the state’s health ombudsman.

“The devastation these women have experienced is evidence of the need for a multi-disciplinary approach to such surgeries, involving various medical departments, to ensure the best result is achieved,” she said.

Comment from the hospital has been sought.

A Metro North Health and Hospital Service spokeswoman later said it was inappropriate to comment because the matter was before the courts.

North Korea to extradite plot culprits

Pyongyang will seek the extradition of anyone involved in what it says was a CIA-backed plot to kill leader Kim Jung Un last month with a biochemical poison.

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Vice foreign minister Han Song Ryol called a meeting of diplomats in Pyongyang on Thursday to outline the North’s claim the CIA and South Korea’s intelligence agency coerced a North Korean man into joining in the assassination plot, which the North’s Ministry of State Security suggested was thwarted last month.

The North’s state media have been running stories about the conspiracy since last week.

The security ministry has vowed to “ferret out” anyone involved in what it says was an act of “state-sponsored terrorism”.

Han took that a step further on Thursday with the extradition statement, though the North has yet to name any foreign or North Korean suspects abroad.

“According to our law, the Central Public Prosecutor’s Office of the DPRK will use all available methods to start to work to demand the handover of the criminals involved, so as to punish the organisers, conspirators and followers of this terrible state-sponsored terrorism,” he said.

The only person it has named – and only by the ubiquitous surname “Kim” – is a North Korean resident of Pyongyang who it says worked for a time in the Russian Far East.

State media said he was involved in the timber industry in Khabarovsk, which is one of the primary places North Koreans can go overseas to work.

He was allegedly contacted there by foreign agents who bribed, brainwashed and cajoled him into participating in the elaborate plot.

“These terrorists plotted and planned in detail for the use of biochemical substances including radioactive and poisonous substances as the means of assassination,” Han said, reading from a prepared statement.

“These biochemical substances were to be provided with the assistance of the CIA … while the South Korean Intelligence Service was going to provide necessary support and funding for this attempt at assassination on our supreme leader.”

‘Completely out of step’: Abortion to remain a crime in NSW after reform bill fails

Abortion will remain a crime in NSW after members of the Legislative Council voted down a Greens bill aimed at overturning the 100-year-old law.

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Greens MLC Mehreen Faruqi’s Abortion Law Reform Bill was defeated 25 to 14 in the state parliament’s upper house.

The bill received support from eight Labor MLCs and all five Greens MLCs, as well as Animal Justice Party MLC Mark Pearson.

Public members in the gallery shouted “shame” as the result of the conscience vote was announced in the Legislative Council.

“I am disappointed that the NSW Legislative Council has voted to keep abortion a Crime in NSW,” Dr Faruqi said.

“[The] position that is completely out of step with modern medical practice, community expectation, and laws in almost all other states.”

The law would have repealed sections of the Crimes Act, provided a 150-metre protester exclusion zone around abortion service providers, and required doctors providing medical advice to tell their patients if they had personal objections to the procedure.

The proposal provided no gestational limits on when the procedure could be performed.

A Greens spokeswoman told SBS World News the law was modeled on the ACT’s legal framework.

NSW and Queensland are the only two Australian states which outlaw abortion.

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The Australian Medical Association believes NSW abortion laws need to be reviewed, but said it was concerned about the breadth of the Greens’ bill.

“We agree it is time to review the law in NSW and therefore recommends that the matter should be referred to the Law Reform Commission for serious consideration if progress is to be made,” AMA state president Brad Frankum said in a statement.

When introducing the bill, Dr Faruqi said she wanted to give certainty and remove the procedure from the “grey zone” in which it currently sits.

“This uncertainty results in difficulties with access and cost, especially in regional and rural New South Wales,” she said. 

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While supporters have been dismayed by the bill’s failure, it is a decision which been welcomed by anti-abortion activists.

Mark Makowiecki, NSW State Director of the Australian Christian Lobby, says he was quietly confident it would be defeated.

“It’s a victory for women and unborn children,” he said.

“The bill is the most extreme we’ve seen so far.”

The group says that removing gestational limits could lead to women being pressured into getting terminations.

Women’s rights groups, such as White Ribbon, worry that criminalisation allows women to be pressured into pregnancy or staying in abusive relationships.

Dr Faruqi accused the Australian Christian Lobby of a scare campaign over the proposed law.

“This bill is far from radical. It is backed by everyone from RANZCOG, the peak body for obstetricians and gynaecologists, to the NSW Civil Liberties Council, to White Ribbon, the Public Health Association, and the NSW Nurses and Midwives’ Association, and many others,” she said.

“This bill does not change current medical practice on late-term pregnancy termination and to suggest otherwise is misinformed.”

Although unlawful, the procedure remains accessible for many in NSW through a number of legal loopholes.

Mr Makowiecki said the ACL would be keen to see further adjustments to the current law, and would like to see other states with laws closer to NSW and Queensland.

“I think the laws in Victoria, Tasmania and the ACT aren’t sufficient protection for women,” he said.

“The Victorian laws are quite egregious, it’s something we like to be repealed.”

– With AAP

SBS News Investigation: Sex selection through abortion in Australia

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Port train in Shanghai for Suns AFL clash

Everyone take a deep breath – Shanghai should work this Sunday as an AFL venue.

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After concerns about air pollution, possible sandstorms and the tyranny of distance, Port Adelaide had their first training session on Thursday at Jiangwan Stadium ahead of the historic match.

Port players raved about the turf quality, putting it on a par with the MCG.

While it is hot, conditions have not been oppressive.

The Shanghai air quality on Thursday was no worse than a muggy summer day in Melbourne or Sydney.

Port coach Ken Hinkley said regardless of the unusual circumstances, instinct would take over for the players once the ball was bounced.

“It will be okay – it will be fine,” Hinkley said when asked about the ground dimensions.

“It’s not dissimilar, once the boys get out there and play.

“That’s the thing we forget sometimes – once the boys get out and the ball’s bounced, they’re just playing footy and it doesn’t matter where they play.

“It’s a great opportunity to be in Shanghai to play this time.”

The AFL has converted a large field that usually holds several soccer pitches into the playing venue.

The two squat grandstands on either wing are very 1960s-era Communist architecture – the party bosses would not look out of place on the balcony, acknowledging a mass military parade.

Gold Coast arrived early on Thursday morning, with a two-hour delay on the Singapore Airport tarmac meaning their trip from door to door nearly took a full day.

But co-captain Steven May said they were determined to make the game a success – something the team had started talking about immediately after the weekend’s win over Geelong.

“That’s what we preached with the group – we’re going over to a different country and we have to embrace it, rather than have that negative mindset,” May said.

“The boys were fantastic last night when the (flight) delay came – it was our first little test and they were super.

“We have a really good, young, emerging group who, after a couple of wins, are starting to get some belief.”

Like their Port opponents, the Suns’ players also had lessons last week on the basic do’s and don’ts of Chinese society.

May said they were told: “a few things that are touchy subjects over here, that probably in Australia, they wouldn’t be.

“I can’t really remember … as long as I don’t talk about them, it’s alright.”

They were also reminded that the Chinese regard red as a lucky colour.

“We’re happy with that,” May said.

His coach Rodney Eade was quoted widely after a Sunday radio interview, with comments about air quality and the lack of business-class travel for his players.

But on Thursday, Eade said the international experiment was “great – it’s fantastic.

“There are no complaints, no concerns – like Port, we’ve had this on the radar.

“We’ve done our preparation accordingly.”

Sharobeem’s ICAC jewellery gift claims rejected by ministers

Former Australian of the Year state finalist Eman Sharobeem used charity funds to buy gifts for federal and state politicians, a Sydney corruption inquiry has been told.

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Sharobeem on Thursday told the Independent Commission Against Corruption she used money from the Immigrant Women’s Health Service to pay for gifts worth $12,500 for both guests and politicians.

She said she purchased gifts for NSW ministers Victor Dominello and Pru Goward and federal ministers Michaelia Cash, Marise Payne and Concetta Fierravanti-Wells.

Sharobeem is accused of rorting more than half a million dollars while she was in charge of two publicly funded health services in Sydney to pay for personal holidays, jewellery and luxury goods.

In a statement Mr Dominello denied accepting a gift.

“I recall being offered a watch, but I absolutely refused to accept the gift. I have no recollection of receiving a tie or any other gifts.”

A statement from the office of Ms Cash also denied the claim.

“Minister Cash has never received a gift from Ms Sharobeem.”

While Ms Goward acknowledged she was given gifts by the former CEO.

“My recollection is that the gifts were of a token kind and under the disclosure threshold,” Ms Goward said in a statement.

A statement on behalf of Ms Payne said: “Any allegation that Minister Payne received a gift of that nature from Ms Sharobeem is completely false.”

A statement from Senator Fierravanti-Wells said allegations that she “received gifts of that nature from CEO Emman Sharobeem are completely false”.

Sharobeem told Thursday’s hearing that any jewellery receipts charged to the Immigrant Women’s Health service were part of normal business and if she approved personal expenses it was by accident.

“I was consumed helping people,” she said.

Sharobeem was often visibly upset during questioning and said the inquiry had the wrong person.

“Who do you think I am, a rich person? I can’t even pay my lawyers,” she said.

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Sharobeem was shown several receipts that had been filed as expenses with the charity.

The top of the receipts which normally shows the business name had been cut off.

One invoice uncovered from Eternity Jewellers totalled $20,000 for an 18-carat gold diamond necklace and diamond studs earrings. It had the top of a credit card receipt only stapled to it.

A separate invoice missing a credit card receipt showed a purchase of an $8000 white gold diamond ring.

Sharobeem denied cutting the receipts saying she only ever removed the staples.

“Would I be that stupid to leave it like that,” Sharobeem told the inquiry.

She said she would simply empty her bag onto her desk and rely on her assistant to sort out which expenses were personal and which were for the charity.

Same-sex marriage plebiscite ‘back from the dead’

Despite a plebiscite on marriage equality being rejected by the Senate last year, this week’s Budget allocated $170 million to the divisive government policy.

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In Buget Paper No. 1, finance for the same-sex marriage plebiscite is listed as “unchanged”.

“The Australian Government remains committed to a plebiscite in relation to same-sex marriage, despite the Senate not supporting the Plebiscite (Same-Sex Marriage) Bill 2016,” the 2017-18 Budget states.

“To this end, the Australian Government will provide $170 million to conduct a same-sex marriage plebiscite as soon as the necessary legislation is enacted by the Parliament.”

The bill was introduced to Parliament in November 2016, but was blocked in the Senate when Labor, the Greens, Derryn Hinch and the Nick Xenophon Team voted to reject the bill 33 votes to 29.

Numbers aren’t changing: Senate said no to a plebisicite & yes to a parliament vote. Time for our MPs to make history & make people happy. 长沙桑拿,长沙SPA,/kGYqo90PmZ

— Alex Greenwich MP (@AlexGreenwich) May 10, 2017

Liberal party members at the time said rejection of the plebiscite would delay marriage equality in Australia by several years.

Deputy Opposition Leader Tanya Plibersek said this Budget “has brought the marriage equality plebiscite back from the dead”.

“Despite explicitly banking more than $100 million in savings for not proceeding with the marriage equality plebiscite in last year’s mid-year economic and fiscal update, $170 million in funding for the marriage equality plebiscite has reappeared in the 2017-18 Budget as a contingency measure,” she said.

She said the plebiscite was met with strong opposition from Labor and the Greens because it would cause unnecessary pain for the LGBTI community.

“The message to the government was clear – just get on with a free vote,” she said. “Don’t put LGBTI Australians through a painful, unnecessary and expensive plebiscite.

“Prime Minister Turnbull needs to explain why the government has made a screeching reversal on its funding allocation for a plebiscite – is he planning on proceeding with Peter Dutton’s ridiculous idea of a postal vote plebiscite?

“If not, why bring the funding back to the Budget?”

It is unclear whether the government plans to reintroduce the bill to parliament.

ICYMI Malcolm Turnbull hid a plebiscite for #marriageequality deep in the budget papers. I wanted to share this quick message with you. pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/bM6w4cBJIw

— Tanya Plibersek (@tanya_plibersek) May 10, 2017

READ MORETHE FEED (2016): Love & Marriage in Australia

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Arctic nations meet amid drilling concerns

Senior officials from the world’s eight Arctic nations will meet in Alaska amid concerns about the future of the sensitive region after President Donald Trump called for more oil drilling and development.

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Among those expected to attend the meeting of the Arctic Council beginning on Thursday in Fairbanks are US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, who met on Wednesday with Trump and Tillerson in Washington.

No formal discussions were set in Alaska but key issues such as climate change, development and drilling will provide a backdrop as the chairmanship of the council passes from the US to Finland.

“We are unsure what the Trump administration thinks about the Arctic region in general, about the Arctic Council in particular and about its role,” said Victoria Herrmann, president of The Arctic Institute, a Washington, DC-based group that provides research to shape Arctic policy.

The Arctic Council is an advisory body that promotes co-operation among member nations and indigenous groups. Its focus is sustainable development and environmental protection of the Arctic.

It does not make policy or allocate resources and its decisions must be unanimous.

“In terms of being a reflection of a nation’s priorities, it can only go so far since all eight have to agree to the same thing,” said Nils Andreassen, executive director of the Anchorage-based Institute of the North, a non-partisan organisation focused on Arctic resources.

Tillerson arrived late on Wednesday afternoon in Fairbanks and immediately held a meeting with a congressional delegation as well as Arctic representatives from Alaska’s indigenous people.

Protesters gathered in a city park nearby to denounce the presence of the former president of Exxon Mobil Corp.

“My message for Rex Tillerson is: Alaska shouldn’t be for sale for what’s in our earth,” said Hannah Hill, 36, who works at a Fairbanks soup kitchen.

“This place is beautiful and this place is delicate and what already is happening on in the Arctic will affect the rest of the Earth. And that is science.”

Pat Lambert, a retired University of Alaska math professor, attended the rally because he believes climate change is a serious problem.

He suggested Tillerson “should get away from his cronies in the oil business and start listening to the people of Alaska, for instance, and the people of the world who are so interested in these issues.”

After the rally, the protesters marched behind a sign reading, “Welcome to the frontline of climate change,” to the building where the Arctic Council welcoming celebration was being held.

The United States – an Arctic country because of the state of Alaska – is joined on the council by Canada, Russia, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.

Heavy drinking harms poor most: study

Drinking heavily is more harmful to the poorest people in society, according to a UK medical study.

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A marked link between socio-economic status and the harm caused by drinking alcohol excessively was found by research published in medical journal The Lancet Public Health on Wednesday.

Researchers said alcohol consumption was “disproportionately harmful” to the poorest in society, who were at greater risk of illness or death because of drinking.

Compared to light drinkers in advantaged areas, excessive drinkers were seven times at risk of an increase in alcohol harm.

This contrasts with excessive drinkers in deprived areas, who were 11 times at risk of an increase.

Harmful impacts of alcohol are higher in socio-economically disadvantaged communities.

Researchers defined harm based on deaths, hospital visits and prescriptions attributable to alcohol.

However, until now it was unclear whether those were as a result of differences in drinking or as a result of other factors.

“The poorest in society are at greater risk of alcohol’s harmful impacts on health, but this is not because they are drinking more or more often binge drinking,” said lead author Dr Vittal Katikireddi of the University of Glasgow.

“Experiencing poverty may impact on health, not only through leading an unhealthy lifestyle but also as a direct consequence of poor material circumstances and psychosocial stresses.

“Poverty may, therefore, reduce resilience to disease, predisposing people to greater health harms of alcohol.”

The authors linked different sets of data from Scottish Health Surveys and electronic health records, studying more than 50,000 people.

It suggested even when other factors are accounted for, including smoking and obesity, living in deprived areas was consistently associated with higher alcohol-related harms.

“Heavier drinking is associated with greater alcohol-related harm in all individuals,” study co-author Dr Elise Whitley said.

“However, our study suggests that the harm is greater in those living in poorer areas or who have a lower income, fewer qualifications or a manual occupation.”

Suns back Thompson’s AFL return in China

Rory Thompson is ready, meaning a potent boost for Gold Coast’s defence ahead of the Shanghai AFL match against Port Adelaide.

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Suns coach Rodney Eade has no qualms about bringing back Thompson for the overseas match, saying the key defender’s training gives them confidence he is right.

Thompson has been out of action for a month with a quad muscle injury.

Eade said there were no doubts about bringing Thompson back for this match, regardless of the unusual circumstances.

They arrived early on Thursday morning after nearly 24 hours of travel from door to door, with a two-hour delay in Singapore adding to the trip.

“I suppose there’s a gamble for bringing anyone back, who’s been out for three or four weeks,” Eade said when asked if Thompson’s recall was a gamble.

“But we’re certainly confident in the work that he’s done.

“He plays in a unique position where it’s one end of the ground, so he doesn’t have to run around (for) 15km.

“He’s trained well and he’s quite key to our set-up, so we’re certainly more than pleased to have him back.”

Thompson will join Suns co-captain Steven May as key defenders for Sunday’s match.

His return and the development of Jack Leslie give Gold Coast more options, with Thompson certain to spend some time on Port key forward Charlie Dixon.

They became friends when Dixon was at the Suns.

“Rory is definitely a key pillar for us and, with big Charlie Dixon dominating at the moment, it’s a timely return,” May said.

“I’m sure he’ll enjoy that (match-up), potentially at some stage.

“It does provide me with a little bit of flexibility, but the emergence of Jack Leslie has helped that.

“We’re really starting to become a more-versatile backline.”

Hinkley says no AFL China crisis for Gray

Port Adelaide star Robbie Gray has left training early as intrigue persists about his fitness ahead of the historic AFL match in Shanghai.

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Power coach Ken Hinkley insists Gray will play and they have another training run ahead of Sunday’s match against Gold Coast.

But Gray’s training is being managed, amid speculation he has a groin niggle.

He also iced his right calf as teammates completed Thursday’s training run at Jiangwan Stadium.

Gray is coming off a poor game in last weekend’s home loss to West Coast.

“He’s fine; he’s here; he’s in Shanghai; he’s ready to play,” Hinkley said earlier in the day at a promotional function for the match.

“Rob is no different to any other player. He has niggles that he deals with and he’ll be fine to play.”

Hinkley was asked about the ongoing speculation over Gray’s fitness.

“Robbie was beaten by his opponent on the weekend,” the Power coach said.

“I’ve had that conversation with Rob – he gets embarrassed by some of the hysteria that goes around about his groins or not his groins.

“Rob is just a normal player and he can have bad games … hopefully, not again on Sunday.”

Apart from the history surrounding Sunday – the first AFL match outside of Australia or New Zealand for premiership points – there will be several personal milestones.

It will be the 100th game for Ken Hinkley as Port coach and the same for Travis Boak as their captain.

This will also be the first time key forward Charlie Dixon will play against his old club.

“He’s in great form – that’s one good thing,” Hinkley said.

“Charlie’s played the best football I’ve seen him play in his career in the last couple of weeks, particularly, but over the course of this year.

“Obviously, it’s a first-time opportunity to play against his old club. He doesn’t need to do anything extra; he just needs to be part of the Port Adelaide team.”

Hinkley smiled when it was pointed out the venue meant a less-hostile reception for Dixon from the home crowd than if it was at Metricon Stadium.

“We’ll have a good number of our people in the crowd, so he’ll feel at home,” Hinkley said.

Myles not confident of Qld Origin call-up

The famous Queensland State of Origin loyalty card only goes so far, veteran Maroons prop Nate Myles says.

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Myles – 32 next month – concedes he is not confident of extending his remarkable Origin career ahead of Manly’s Saturday night clash with Brisbane as part of the NRL doubleheader at Suncorp Stadium.

Queensland’s age old “pick and stick” selection policy regardless of NRL form has helped the Maroons claim 10 of the past 11 series wins.

Coach Kevin Walters says Queensland selectors will stay loyal again when they name their squad for the May 31 series opener.

It should be music to the ears of Myles, who can join the great Mal Meninga on 32 Origin games if selected.

Myles says he was not taking anything for granted after starting just two games for Manly this season.

“I am never confident,” Myles said of Origin selection.

“A lot of people may not believe that but I never go in to a series thinking I am going to get automatically picked.

“I don’t think it would be wise considering the calibre of talent in the front row stocks we’ve got.”

Myles may be relegated to the Sea Eagles bench but he appears as important as ever to Queensland.

The Maroons appear set to retain the 11-year Origin forward in the starting front row against NSW, to help guide a new-look pack.

Queensland must find a replacement for Test prop Matt Scott (knee) and inspirational lock Corey Parker (retired).

However, Myles says he wants to be picked on form – not reputation.

“I don’t want to be picked just on experience,” he said.

“If I feel I am not going to contribute on and off the field I would not feel comfortable being picked.”

Myles may have his doubts about his Origin future but no one can question his longevity.

He has missed just two matches since making his Origin debut in 2006.

And Myles is two games shy of equalling the record of Origin’s longest serving prop – former teammate Petero Civoniceva – who played 33 games from 2001-12.

That would put Myles equal fifth in most Origin games by a Queenslander, behind only Cameron Smith (39), Darren Lockyer (36), Johnathan Thurston (36) and Allan Langer (34).

Myles was uncomfortable being considered in the same elite company.

“I honestly don’t compare myself with any of those guys – I never will,” Myles said.

“I am just very fortunate.”

While he may be a rare sight in the starting side, Myles feels he has built some momentum off the bench for Manly this year.

He is averaging almost 88 run metres and 19 tackles a game.

“Obviously I have been given my opportunity this year with the bench spot due to the fact a lot of our guys are playing great footy,” Myles said.

“But if I were to compare minutes with work rate I am a lot better this year.”